Léon de Smet(1881-1966)
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reference number: EP_005

circa 1913

oil on canvas

100 x 140 cm

signed lower left: Leon de Smet


Kunstenaars zien Latem, Latemse Kunstkring, Sint-Martens-Latem, 1974, no. 72

Leon De Smet 1881-1966, Museum Leon De Smet, Sint-Martens-Latem, 1991

Léon de Smet was born in Ghent, Belgium, in 1881. He received his artistic training at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp, and in 1901 held his first exhibition in the city. He exhibited regularly throughout the 1900’s, in Antwerp, Brussels and Ghent. In 1909, he represented Belgium at the Venice Biennale and the following year his work was included in an international exhibition in Brussels alongside Pierre Bonnard and Édouard Vuillard. Léon was the younger brother of Gustave de Smet, who was also a painter.

In 1906 Léon joined the Second Group of Saint-Martens-Latem, an artists’ colony including the painters Maurice Sys, Frits van den Berghe, Constant Permeke, and his brother Gustave de Smet. His time in Saint-Martens-Latem proved highly influential: it was here that de Smet developed the neo-impressionistic techniques, combining fragmented pictorial surfaces with bold colour combinations, that underpinned his mature style.

De Smet moved to London in 1914; he lived there throughout the war. Though motivated by necessity, de Smet’s relocation had a hugely beneficial impact on his career. The painter began to move in literary circles, whose members included George Bernard Shaw, John Galsworthy and Joseph Conrad, and exhibited paintings in the Royal Academy. De Smet returned to Belgium in 1920 and, throughout the 1920’s and 1930’s, continued to exhibit widely in Europe and America. In 1953 the Museum of Fine Arts in Ghent honoured the 72-year-old artist by staging a large solo exhibition of his work; the gallery now contains a number of de Smet’s canvases.

His paintings are also held in the Groeningemuseum, Bruges, the Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp, and the Indianapolis Museum of Art.

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