The Moscow School of icon-making flourished in Moscow in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Having overtaken the Novgorod school, through which the Byzantine tradition had been preserved, the icon makers working in Moscow adapted the existing conventions to create a truly national art. Icons produced by the Moscow school are typically executed in tempera rather than the older encaustic paint. They are characterised by their highly decorative backgrounds, which often feature an abundance of architectural features reflecting the fashions of the age.
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